If there is one thing that the academic market likes to require of its students, this thing is like doing a critical review. Nothing more natural, since many undergraduate and postgraduate courses involve deep readings as an efficient means of disseminating knowledge.
For these and others, this type of review has established itself as a great way to summarize the content and analyze the student’s ability to explain everything in a critical and supportive way.
Still, many students do not know what to do to succeed in this sense – a point that is very natural, since this is not among the most routine tasks of all. To know what to do at the moment, here are some tips that we raise here!
What is a critical review?
The review with a more critical profile is a deep work, functioning as an interpretive analysis of a text or book. It is much more than just an informative summary because the teacher’s expectations go far beyond that.
In fact, the student needs to relate the text to other authors, texts and ideas on the same subject. All this in a straightforward and straightforward way, exploring what was read and the critiques listed.
That is, a critical review does, but does not stop there. The author should also explore deficiencies, concordances and points that could be better worked on, as well as highlighting the strengths (but always very carefully not to flatter the author).
Ideally, the author’s impressions should not be perceived, as he should explore the positives and negatives in a neutral and concise manner, presenting arguments and not opinions.
How to make a critical review shocking?
To take a critical review you should:
- Start by arranging the information
Before you start for the writing itself, recapitulate everything you have read and learned right now. Believe: organization is the first step to writing a grounded review.
To do this, recapitulate everything mentally and then write down the main points. Ponder what is the theme explored by the author, the type of argument, what he really wanted to communicate and all the details of the reading.
- Summarize the subject
Although not only this, a review always has the purpose of talking about another subject in a more summarized and succinct way. Well, in this case it is no different: explore the excerpt or the book read, consider the main points and make your reader understand everything that was addressed quickly and objectively.
This point is critical and it makes all the difference – and you will be judged by that skill, after all it takes some technical trouble to condense the most important information of some work.
- Bet on a flowing text
The text should be uniform, easy to read and enjoyable. In this way, people read more easily and are interested in the subject. To achieve this without much trouble, bet on a simple and clear writing style, as this is a differential and makes people understand your text without much effort.
- Explain the author’s situation
After reading a text or a book, of course we understand a little more of the positions and ideologies of an author, right? On the other hand, anyone who reads only a critical review does not have all this knowledge behind.
As you might imagine, this point is very determinant and makes everything understood more easily. So share information about the author’s life, culture, type of writing, theories of which he is adept, and other details that he considers pertinent – and of course, share that in his text.
- Make associations
The approximation and citation of other authors are highly valued and work as evidence that the person really knows how to write a review. Therefore, it is very important to relate your arguments and aspects of the work analyzed with similar ideas, because this way the content becomes more consistent and based.
Teachers often look kindly on this kind of skill, as it demonstrates commitment to the task and the creation of even deeper material.
- Have a critical positioning
As type implies, the review should have an argumentative and positioned profile. When writing, it is essential to demonstrate what you think of the coherence of the author, whether the discourse presented by him is properly grounded, whether the subject was studied and is deep and what kind of conclusion it leads each to have.
This is all fundamental and it makes a lot of difference, because you will also be analyzed for what to write. So take some time to study this text.
And there’s more: all of this must be done in an unbiased way, that is, ideally people will not know if you agree or disagree with what you are talking about, but rather that you are exploring both sides.
- Have a Question Script in Mind
An efficient way to do a good job is to draw some driving questions. As many people do not have this habit, it is fundamental to rethink the following points:
“What’s the subject of the book?”
– Does he have a differential?
– What is the author’s intention?
– Do I need specific knowledge to understand what he wants to communicate?
– Is the text interesting?
“Are there any pictures?” Were they well chosen?
These are just a few examples, but they can be used in the introduction, development, and completion of the critical review.
- Put in the standards of ABNT
The academic papers have another specificity: they must comply with the standards of Association of Technical Standards.
Many people find this the hardest part, but remember that this is an indispensable task – and you can be penalized if you do not.
Here are some things to consider: put bibliographic data in the right way, write in flowing text (without subdivisions), use the optimal spacing, and keep the text formatted correctly.
Following these points, it is much easier to write a review that surprises the teachers. Create consistent content and within the right standards you will certainly achieve great results.